Women and the Founding

 

A 1775 satirical cartoon from Britain entitled: “A Society of Patriotic Ladies at Edenton in North Carolina”

 

Hannah Griffiths’ The Female Patriots

Ladies Association of Philadelphia

Boston Ladies’ Boycott Agreement,”
12 February 1770

a letter from Anna Rawle to Mrs. Shoemaker, 30 June 1780

Essex Gazette
Salem, Massachusetts, 23 May 1769

“Edenton Ladies’ Agreement,” 27 October 1774, which appeared in the 
Morning Chronicle and London Advertiser, 16 January 1775

a letter from a woman in Philadelphia to a friend in Annapolis, 
20 June 1780, published in The Maryland Gazette, 21 July 1780

a letter from Anna Rawle to Mrs. Shoemaker, 30 June 1780

a letter from George Washington 
to Esther Reed, 14 July 1780

I. Women’s Calls for Reform, and Educational Change in the Early Republic

Benjamin Rush, “Of the Mode of Education Proper in a Republic,” 1786

Mary Wollstonecraft, “Unfortunate Situation of Females, Fashionably Educated, and Left without a Fortune,” 1787

Judith Sargent Murray, “On the Equality of the Sexes,” 1790

Mary Wollstonecraft, “Introduction,” A Vindication of the Rights of Woman, 1792

Excerpts from Susanna Rowson,Charlotte: A Tale of Truth, 1794

Sarah Connell Ayer to Sarah Kittredge, 13 March 1810 and 25 April 1811

Eleanor Parke Custis Lewis to Elizabeth Bordley, 22 March 1821

II. The Content of Women’s Education in the Academies

Document 8: Benjamin Rush, “Thoughts upon Female Education,” 1787

Document 9: Benjamin Say, “Address, by Doctor Benjamin Say,” 1789

Document 10: Judith Sargent Murray, “No. XCI,” 1798

Document 11: Susanna Rowson, “Preface,” Reuben and Rachel; or, Tales of Old Times, 1798

Document 12A: Excerpts from Susanna Rowson, The New Pleasing Instructor; or, Young Lady’s Guide to Virtue and Happiness, 1799

Document 12B: Susanna Rowson, “Writing and Spelling,” The New Pleasing Instructor, 1799

Document 12C: Susanna Rowson, “Goodness of Heart,” The New Pleasing Instructor, 1799

Document 13 A: Susanna Rowson, “Introductory Address for 1807,” A Present for Young Ladies, 1811

Document 13B: Susanna Rowson, “Sketches of Female Biography,” A Present for Young Ladies, 1811

Document 13C: Susanna Rowson, “XXVIII,” A Present for Young Ladies, 1811

Document 14: Susanna Rowson, A Spelling Dictionary, 1815

Document 15: Susanna Rowson, Youth’s First Step in Geography, 1818

Document 16: Advertisement for Susanna Rowson’s school, 1819

Document 17A: Susanna Rowson, Excerpt from “Exercise VI. English History Continued,” Exercises in History, Chronology, and Biography, 1822

Documen 17B: Susanna Rowson, “Exercise XIII. America,” Exercises in History, Chronology, and Biography, 1822

III. The Effects of Academy Education

Document 18A: Ann Loxley, “Valedictory Oration, Delivered by Miss Ann Loxley,” 4 June 1790

Document 18B: Eliza Shrupp, “The Following Valedictory Oration was Delivered by Miss Eliza Shrupp,” 21 September 1791

Document 18C: Priscilla Mason, “The Salutatory Oration, Delivered by Miss Mason,” 15 May 1793

Document 19: Eliza Southgate to “My Dearest Mother,” 9 September 1802

Document 20A: Susanna Rowson, chapter 2,Charlotte’s Daughter; or, The Three Orphans, 1828

Document 20B: Susanna Rowson, chapter 3,Charlotte’s Daughter; or, The Three Orphans, 1828

Document 20C: Susanna Rowson, chapter 14,Charlotte’s Daughter; or, The Three Orphans, 1828

Document 20D: Susanna Rowson, conclusion,Charlotte’s Daughter; or, The Three Orphans, 1828