United States National Monuments



The Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C. is one of the Most Familiar of All the United States National Monuments

The United States of America has 104 protected areas that have been deemed to be “National Monuments.” The American Antiquities Act of 1906 allowed that the President may “declare by public proclamation historic landmarks, historic and prehistoric structures, and other objects of historic or scientific interest that are situated upon the lands owned or controlled by the Government of the United States to be national monuments.” The following is the text of the American Antiquites Act of 1906, as well as a list of America’s National Monuments.

American Antiquities Act of 1906

16 USC 431-433  (USC = US Code)

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That any person who shall appropriate, excavate, injure, or destroy any historic or prehistoric ruin or monument, or any object of antiquity, situated on lands owned or controlled by the Government of the United States, without the permission of the Secretary of the Department of the Government having jurisdiction over the lands on which said antiquities are situated, shall, upon conviction, be fined in a sum of not more than five hundred dollars or be imprisoned for a period of not more than ninety days, or shall suffer both fine and imprisonment, in the discretion of the court.

Sec. 2. That the President of the United States is hereby authorized, in his discretion, to declare by public proclamation historic landmarks, historic and prehistoric structures, and other objects of historic or scientific interest that are situated upon the lands owned or controlled by the Government of the United States to be national monuments, and may reserve as a part thereof parcels of land, the limits of which in all cases shall be confined to the smallest area compatible with proper care and management of the objects to be protected: Provided, That when such objects are situated upon a tract covered by a bona fied unperfected claim or held in private ownership, the tract, or so much thereof as may be necessary for the proper care and management of the object, may be relinquished to the Government, and the Secretary of the Interior is hereby authorized to accept the relinquishment of such tracts in behalf of the Government of the United States.

Sec. 3. That permits for the examination of ruins, the excavation of archaeological sites, and the gathering of objects of antiquity upon the lands under their respective jurisdictions may be granted by the Secretaries of the Interior, Agriculture, and War to institutions which the may deem properly qualified to conduct such examination, excavation, or gathering, subject to such rules and regulation as they may prescribe: Provided, That the examinations, excavations, and gatherings are undertaken for the benefit of reputable museums, universities, colleges, or other recognized scientific or educational institutions, with a view to increasing the knowledge of such objects, and that the gatherings shall be made for permanent preservation in public museums.

Sec. 4. That the Secretaries of the Departments aforesaid shall make and publish from time to time uniform rules and regulations for the purpose of carrying out the provisions of this Act.

Approved, June 8, 1906


Russell Cave National Monument            Alabama

Aniakchak National Monument Alaska

Cape Krusenstern National Monument  Alaska

World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument     Alaska, California, Hawaii

Canyon De Chelly National Monument  Arizona

Casa Grande Ruins National Monument              Arizona

Chiricahua National Monument               Arizona

Hohokam Pima National Monument      Arizona

Montezuma Castle National Monument              Arizona

Navajo National Monument       Arizona

Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument Arizona

Pipe Spring National Monument              Arizona

Sunset Crater Volcano National Monument        Arizona

Tonto National Monument         Arizona

Tumacacori National Historical Park       Arizona

Tuzigoot National Monument    Arizona

Walnut Canyon National Monument      Arizona

Wupatki National Monument    Arizona

Cabrillo National Monument      California

César E. Chávez National Monument     California

Devils Postpile National Monument        California

Lava Beds National Monument  California

Muir Woods National Monument           California

Pinnacles National Monument   California

Colorado National Monument   Colorado

Dinosaur National Monument   Colorado, Utah

Florissant Fossil Beds National Monument          Colorado

Hovenweep National Monument            Colorado, Utah

Yucca House National Monument           Colorado

Castillo de San Marcos National Monument       Florida

Fort Caroline National Memorial             Florida

Fort Matanzas National Monument        Florida

Fort Frederica National Monument         Georgia

Fort Pulaski National Monument             Georgia

Ocmulgee National Monument Georgia

Craters of the Moon National Monument           Idaho

Hagerman Fossil Beds National Monument         Idaho

Effigy Mounds National Monument        Iowa

Poverty Point National Monument          Louisiana

Fort McHenry National Monument and Historic Shrine  Maryland

Grand Portage National Monument        Minnesota

Pipestone National Monument  Minnesota

George Washington Carver National Monument              Missouri

Little Bighorn Battlefield National Monument     Montana

Agate Fossil Beds National Monument   Nebraska

Homestead National Monument of America       Nebraska

Scotts Bluff National Monument              Nebraska

Aztec Ruins National Monument             New Mexico

Bandelier National Monument  New Mexico

Capulin Volcano National Monument    New Mexico

El Malpais National Monument New Mexico

El Morro National Monument    New Mexico

Fort Union National Monument               New Mexico

Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument New Mexico

Petroglyph National Monument              New Mexico

Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument     New Mexico

White Sands National Monument           New Mexico

African Burial Ground National Monument         New York

Castle Clinton National Monument         New York

Ellis Island National Monument New York

Fort Stanwix National Monument           New York

Governors Island National Monument   New York

Statue of Liberty National Monument    New York, New Jersey

John Day Fossil Beds National Monument           Oregon

Oregon Caves National Monument         Oregon

Fort Sumter National Monument            South Carolina

Jewel Cave National Monument              South Dakota

Alibates Flint Quarries National Monument        Texas

Cedar Breaks National Monument          Utah

Natural Bridges National Monument      Utah

Rainbow Bridge National Monument     Utah

Timpanogos Cave National Monument  Utah

Celebrate the Buck Island Reef National Monument on BingoforPatriots.com Buck Island Reef National Monument    Virgin Islands

Virgin Islands Coral Reef National Monument    Virgin Islands

Booker T. Washington National Monument        Virginia

Fort Monroe National Monument           Virginia

Devils Tower National Monument           Wyoming

Fossil Butte National Monument             Wyoming